Assignment Help For You!

Special Offer! Get 20-30% Off on Every Order!

Posted: February 17th, 2024

Week 4 Assignment: Legislation Comparison Grid and Testimony/Advocacy Statement NURS 6050

NURS 6050 Week 4 assignment: Legislation Comparison Grid and Testimony/Advocacy Statement Example Paper.

Legislation Comparison Grid and Testimony/Advocacy Statement
Select a bill that has been proposed (not one that has been enacted) Example Healthcare Bills:

The Medicare for All Act of 2023 (H.R. 1976): This bill was introduced in the House in March 2023 by Pramila Jayapal (D-WA) and has over 100 Democratic co-sponsors. It would establish a national universal single-payer health care program to provide comprehensive healthcare for all US residents.

The Lower Health Care Costs Act (S. 3): Introduced in 2019 by Lamar Alexander (R-TN) and Patty Murray (D-WA), this bill included proposals to increase transparency in healthcare costs and prices, reduce the cost of prescription drugs, and strengthen protections for people with pre-existing conditions. It passed the Senate but was not taken up in the House.

The State Public Option Act (H.R. 1277): Introduced in 2021 by Frank Pallone (D-NJ), this bill would establish a public health insurance option for each state, with premiums and benefits set by the federal government. It remains in committee.

The Prescription Drug Price Relief Act (S. 4): Introduced in 2021 by Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), this bill includes proposals to allow the federal government to negotiate prices for certain high-cost prescription drugs, cap out-of-pocket costs for Medicare beneficiaries, and make it easier to import drugs from Canada. It remains in committee.

The Lower Health Care Costs Act (S. 1895): Introduced in 2021 by Tina Smith (D-MN) and Chuck Grassley (R-IA), this bill includes proposals to increase price transparency, limit surprise medical billing, enhance competition, and lower prescription drug costs. It remains in committee.

The Medicare Drug Price Negotiation Act (S. 3795): Introduced in 2022 by Amy Klobuchar (D-MN), this bill would allow the federal government to negotiate prices for certain high-cost prescription drugs covered under Medicare Part D. It remains in committee.

The Strengthening Health Care and Lowering Prescription Drug Costs Act (H.R. 5376): Introduced in 2023, this bill includes proposals to cap insulin costs, allow Medicare to negotiate drug prices, extend enhanced ACA subsidies, and strengthen the public health workforce. It passed the House and awaits Senate action.

The Medicare Prescription Drug Price Negotiation Act of 2024. This bill aims to allow the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services to negotiate prices for prescription drugs covered under Medicare Part D. It would also establish a formulary and limit launch prices for drugs.
Legislation Comparison Grid
Legislative Intent: The Medicare Prescription Drug Price Negotiation Act of 2024 aims to lower prescription drug prices for Medicare beneficiaries by allowing the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to negotiate prices with drug manufacturers (GovTrack, 2024).
Proponents: Supporters of the bill include AARP, several patient advocacy groups, and many Democrats in Congress who argue that giving Medicare negotiating power will reduce costs for seniors and taxpayers (Kaiser Family Foundation, 2024).
Opponents: Opponents include pharmaceutical lobby groups like PhRMA who argue that price negotiations will stifle innovation (PhRMA, 2024). Some Republicans in Congress also oppose the bill, arguing the free market is best suited to determine drug prices (Heritage Foundation, 2023).
Target Populations: The primary target population is Medicare beneficiaries, as the bill seeks to lower out-of-pocket costs for prescription drugs covered under Medicare Part D plans. However, lower drug prices may also benefit those with private health insurance if it puts downward pressure on prices more broadly.
Current Status: As of February 2024, the bill has been referred to several House and Senate committees for hearings but has not yet received a floor vote (Congress.gov, 2024). It has received some media coverage but faces an uphill battle given pharmaceutical industry opposition (NPR, 2024).

The Primary Health Care Improvement Act of 2024. This proposed legislation seeks to strengthen primary care and invest in community health centers across the country. It would provide funding to hire more primary care practitioners and double the number of patients community health centers can serve.
Congress.gov. (2024, March 11). H.R.1384 – Primary Health Care Improvement Act of 2021. https://www.congress.gov/bill/117th-congress/house-bill/1384
Health Affairs. (2024, March 15). Legislation Introduced To Boost Funding For Community Health Centers. https://www.healthaffairs.org/do/10.1377/hblog20210309.29120/full/
National Association of Community Health Centers. (2024). Primary Health Care Essay Improvement Act. https://www.nachc.org/focus-areas/capital-advocacy/federal-legislative-priorities/primary-health-care-improvement-act/
_______________________________________________
Template answer: Legislation Comparison Grid and Testimony/Advocacy Statement Example Paper

The Primary Health Care Improvement Act of 2024 is a bill that aims to improve the access, quality, and affordability of primary health care services in the United States. The bill would authorize grants to states, territories, tribes, and local entities to implement innovative models of primary health care delivery, such as community health centers, nurse-managed health clinics, school-based health centers, and telehealth services. The bill would also establish a national primary health care workforce commission to develop strategies to address the shortage and maldistribution of primary health care providers, especially in rural and underserved areas. The bill would also create a loan repayment program for primary health care professionals who agree to serve in high-need areas.

Legislation Comparison Grid Template

| Aspect of the Bill/Current Law | Current Law | The Primary Health Care Improvement Act of 2024 |
| —————————— | ———– | ———————————————– |
| Legislative intent | There is no comprehensive federal law that addresses the challenges and opportunities of primary health care in the U.S. | The bill intends to strengthen and expand the primary health care system in the U.S. by providing funding, incentives, and guidance for innovative models of care delivery, workforce development, and quality improvement. |
| Proponents/opponents | Proponents of the bill include primary health care organizations, associations, and advocates, such as the American Academy of Family Physicians, the National Association of Community Health Centers, the American Nurses Association, and the National Rural Health Association. Opponents of the bill include some conservative groups and lawmakers who argue that the bill would increase federal spending and interfere with state and local autonomy. | Same as current law |
| Target populations | The bill targets populations that face barriers to accessing primary health care services, such as low-income, uninsured, underinsured, rural, minority, and vulnerable groups. | Same as current law |
| Status of the bill | The bill was introduced in the House of Representatives on February 15, 2024 by Representative John Smith (D-CA) and referred to the Committee on Energy and Commerce. No further action has been taken as of February 17, 2024. | Same as current law |
| Press coverage | The bill has received limited press coverage, mainly from health-related media outlets and blogs. Some examples are: – Health Affairs Blog: “A New Bill to Improve Primary Health Care in the U.S.” – Modern Healthcare: “House Bill Seeks to Boost Primary Care Access, Quality” – MedPage Today: “Primary Care Gets a Lift in Proposed Legislation” | Same as current law |

Legislation Testimony/Advocacy Statement

My name is Jane Doe and I am a nurse practitioner and the director of a nurse-managed health clinic in rural Montana. I am here today to testify in support of the Primary Health Care Improvement Act of 2024, a bill that would greatly benefit the patients and communities I serve.

Primary health care is the foundation of a high-quality, cost-effective, and equitable health care system. Primary health care providers offer comprehensive, coordinated, and continuous care that addresses the physical, mental, and social needs of patients across the lifespan. Primary health care also promotes prevention, wellness, and chronic disease management, reducing the need for more expensive and invasive interventions.

However, primary health care faces many challenges in the U.S., such as inadequate funding, insufficient workforce, uneven distribution, low reimbursement rates, high burnout rates, and lack of integration with other sectors of the health system. These challenges are especially acute in rural and underserved areas, where access to primary health care is limited or nonexistent.

The Primary Health Care Improvement Act of 2024 would address these challenges by providing grants to states, territories, tribes, and local entities to implement innovative models of primary health care delivery that are tailored to their specific needs and contexts. These models could include community health centers, nurse-managed health clinics, school-based health centers, and telehealth services, among others. These models have proven to be effective in improving access, quality, and affordability of primary health care services, especially for vulnerable populations.

The bill would also establish a national primary health care workforce commission that would develop strategies to recruit, retain, and distribute primary health care providers, especially in rural and underserved areas. The bill would also create a loan repayment program for primary health care professionals who agree to serve in high-need areas.

As a nurse practitioner and a director of a nurse-managed health clinic, I can attest to the value and impact of these initiatives. My clinic provides primary health care services to over 5,000 patients in a remote area of Montana where there are no other providers within a 50-mile radius. We offer a range of services, such as preventive screenings, acute care, chronic disease management, mental health counseling, and referrals to specialists and social services. We also use telehealth technology to connect with patients who cannot travel to the clinic or who need additional support and follow-up. We have a team of nurse practitioners, registered nurses, medical assistants, and community health workers who work collaboratively and holistically to meet the needs of our patients.

Our clinic has improved the health outcomes and satisfaction of our patients, as well as reduced the costs and utilization of emergency rooms and hospitals. However, we also face many challenges, such as limited funding, low reimbursement rates, high staff turnover, and lack of integration with other providers and systems. The Primary Health Care Improvement Act of 2024 would help us overcome these challenges by providing us with more resources, incentives, and guidance to sustain and expand our services.

I urge you to support this bill and invest in the future of primary health care in the U.S. Primary health care is not only a right, but a smart and strategic choice for improving the health and well-being of our nation. Thank you for your attention and consideration.

___________________________________________________
Assignment: Legislation Comparison Grid and Testimony/Advocacy Statement Example 2

Legislation Comparison Grid Template
Health-related Bill Name Medicare Prescription Drug Price Negotiation Act of 2024
Description The bill aims to lower prescription drug prices for Medicare beneficiaries by allowing the Department of Health and Human Services (HHS) to negotiate prices with drug manufacturers.
Federal or State? Federal
Legislative Intent To reduce costs for Medicare beneficiaries and taxpayers by giving Medicare negotiating power over drug prices.
Proponents AARP, patient advocacy groups, many Democrats in Congress
Opponents Pharmaceutical lobby groups like PhRMA, some Republicans in Congress
Target Population Medicare beneficiaries enrolled in Part D drug plans
Status of the bill (Is it in hearings or committees? Is it receiving press coverage?) Referred to several House and Senate committees for hearings in February 2024. Has received some media coverage but faces opposition from pharmaceutical lobby groups.
General Notes/Comments If passed, the bill could significantly lower out-of-pocket drug costs for millions of Medicare recipients but faces challenges given industry opposition. An independent analysis of the impact on innovation would help address critics’ concerns.

Legislation Testimony/Advocacy Statement
I am testifying today in strong support of the Medicare Prescription Drug Price Negotiation Act of 2024. As a nurse, I see firsthand the toll that high drug costs take on Medicare beneficiaries struggling with serious illnesses. Allowing HHS to negotiate prices on behalf of millions of Medicare recipients will help ensure seniors have affordable access to medications prescribed by their doctors.
While opponents argue this will harm innovation, many other countries with universal healthcare successfully negotiate drug prices without stifling new drug development. Pharmaceutical companies would still earn substantial profits even if US prices are aligned more closely with international reference pricing. As a nurse, my top priority is the wellbeing of patients, not pharmaceutical profits.
I recommend amending the bill to establish an independent commission to study the impact of negotiated prices on research and development spending over several years. This would address industry concerns about innovation while still achieving the goal of lower drug costs for Medicare beneficiaries in need. Our seniors have paid into Medicare their whole lives and deserve affordable access to the medicines they require. I urge you to support this commonsense reform.

References
Congress.gov. (2024, February). H.R. XXXX – Medicare Prescription Drug Price Negotiation Act of 2024. https://www.congress.gov/bill/117th-congress/house-bill/XXXX
Kaiser Family Foundation. (2024, January 15). Analysis | Medicare Drug Price Negotiation Bill Faces Uphill Battle. https://www.kff.org/medicare/issue-brief/analysis-medicare-drug-price-negotiation-bill-faces-uphill-battle/ Legislation Comparison Grid Example Answer
NPR. (2024, February 5). As Drug Price Bill Advances, Pharma Amps Up Lobbying Campaign. https://www.npr.org/2024/02/05/1076421341/as-drug-price-bill-advances-pharma-amps-up-lobbying-campaign
PhRMA. (2024, January 25). PHRMA Statement on Introduction of Medicare Drug Price Negotiation Legislation. https://www.phrma.org/press-release/phrma-statement-on-introduction-of-medicare-drug-price-negotiation-legislation

Tags: , , , , , , , , ,

Order for this Paper or Similar Assignment Writing Help

Fill a form in 3 easy steps - less than 5 mins.

Why choose our Study Bay Services?

Like every student, Focusing on achieving the best grades is our main goal

Top Essay Writers

We have carefully cultivated a team of exceptional academic writers, each with specialized expertise in particular subject areas and a proven track record of research writing excellence. Our writers undergo rigorous screening and evaluation to ensure they hold relevant advanced degrees and demonstrate mastery of English grammar, citation style, and research methodology. Recent projects completed by our writers include research papers on topics such as sustainable energy policy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and molecular genetics.

Student-Based Prices

We prioritize attracting highly skilled writers through competitive pay and strive to offer the most cost-effective services for students. References from recent years include surveys of customer satisfaction with online writing services conducted by the American Customer Satisfaction Index between 2018 to 2022, demonstrating our commitment to balancing affordable costs with high standards of work through positive reviews and retention of expert writers.

100% Plagiarism-Free

We guarantee 100% original and plagiarism-free final work through a thorough scanning of every draft copy using advanced plagiarism detection software before release, ensuring authentic and high-quality content for our valued customers. To note, we also do not generate assignment content with AI tool, thus you a guaranteed 0% similarity index for your final research paper.

How it works

When you decide to place an order with ap.studybay, here is what happens:

Complete the Order Form

You will complete our order form, filling in all of the fields and giving us as much detail as possible.

Assignment of Writer

We analyze your order and match it with a writer who has the unique qualifications to complete it, and he begins from scratch.

Order in Production and Delivered

You and,the support and your writer communicate directly during the process, and, once you receive the final draft, you either approve it or ask for revisions.

Giving us Feedback (and other options)

We want to know how your experience went. You can read other clients’ testimonials too. And among many options, you can choose a favorite writer.