Assignment Help For You!

Special Offer! Get 20-30% Off on Every Order!

Posted: January 13th, 2024

Reducing Opioid Prescribing After Surgery

Reducing Opioid Prescribing After Surgery

Opioids are powerful painkillers that are often prescribed to patients after surgery. However, opioids also have serious risks, such as addiction, overdose, and side effects. Therefore, reducing opioid prescribing and consumption after surgery is an important goal for surgeons and patients alike.

According to a study by Ayoub et al. (2021), many patients receive their first opioid prescription from a surgeon, and one of every 17 patients who uses an opioid after otolaryngologic surgery continues to require opioids long after postoperative care has been completed. Moreover, evidence is accumulating that nonopioid medications are highly effective for postoperative pain and may offer substantial advantages compared with opioids in improved safety.

Some strategies to reduce opioid use after surgery include:

– Using a patient-centered prescribing guideline that takes into account each patient’s perception of pain, rather than prescribing opioids based on type of operation. A guideline developed by surgeons at the Dartmouth-Hitchcock Medical Center recommends discharging patients with no prescription for opioids if they have taken no opioids on the day before; 15 pills if they have taken one to three pills; and 30 pills if they have had four or more pills. This guideline was shown to satisfy the pain management needs of 93% of patients and to increase the proper disposal of unused pills.
– Using a multimodal regimen that includes medications such as acetaminophen, ibuprofen, and sometimes even ketamine or antidepressants. These adjuvant medications should be initiated prior to surgery, with some continuing through the perioperative period. They can reduce the reliance on opioids and provide better pain relief.
– Educating patients about the risks and benefits of opioids, setting realistic expectations for pain management, and providing specific instructions for pill disposal. Surgeons play a pivotal role in minimizing opioid use in their patients by informing them about the alternatives to opioids, the potential harms of opioids, and the proper ways to dispose of unused pills . A convenient option for pill disposal is a pharmacy drop box.
– Tapering or stopping opioids as soon as possible after surgery. For acute pain after surgery, opioids should be prescribed as part of a multimodal regimen, at the lowest effective dose, as immediate-release, and usually for three to seven days only. Patients who take opioids as needed less than once per day do not need a formal taper and can be immediately ceased. The longer the patient has been taking opioids, the longer the reduction process must be.

By following these strategies, surgeons and patients can reduce opioid prescribing and consumption after surgery, and thus prevent the potential harms of opioid misuse and addiction. According to a report by HealthDay News (2022), the overall amount of opioids prescribed to Americans after their surgeries fell by 66% between 2016 and 2022. This trend is encouraging and shows that reducing opioid use after surgery is possible and beneficial.


: Ayoub NF, Choby G, Turner JH, et al. Assessment of Opioid Use and Analgesic Requirements After Endoscopic Sinus Surgery. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2021;147(9):825–831. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2021.1845
: Brenner MJ. Reducing Opioid Prescribing and Consumption After Surgery—Keeping the Lock on Pandora’s Box. JAMA Otolaryngol Head Neck Surg. 2021;147(9):819–821. doi:10.1001/jamaoto.2021.1846
: Barth RJ Jr., Chagpar AB, Tosteson ANA, et al. Guideline for Reducing Opioid Use Post-Surgery Leads to High Pain Management Satisfaction and Disposal Rates: A Prospective Study of a Patient-Centered Prescribing Guideline for General Surgery Patients Undergoing Major Operations. J Am Coll Surg. 2021;233(4):409-417.e2. doi:10.1016/j.jamcollsurg.2021.05.009
: Huxtable CA, Roberts LJ, Somogyi AA, Macintyre PE. Reducing opioid use in patients before and after surgery. Medicine Today 2020; 21(7): 28-35.
: Reinberg S. You’re Far Less Likely to Get an Opioid Now After Surgery [Internet]. HealthDay News; 2022 Jan 12 [cited 2022 Jan 13]. Available from:


Order for this Paper or Similar Assignment Writing Help

Fill a form in 3 easy steps - less than 5 mins.

Why choose our Study Bay Services?

Like every student, Focusing on achieving the best grades is our main goal

Top Essay Writers

We have carefully cultivated a team of exceptional academic writers, each with specialized expertise in particular subject areas and a proven track record of research writing excellence. Our writers undergo rigorous screening and evaluation to ensure they hold relevant advanced degrees and demonstrate mastery of English grammar, citation style, and research methodology. Recent projects completed by our writers include research papers on topics such as sustainable energy policy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and molecular genetics.

Student-Based Prices

We prioritize attracting highly skilled writers through competitive pay and strive to offer the most cost-effective services for students. References from recent years include surveys of customer satisfaction with online writing services conducted by the American Customer Satisfaction Index between 2018 to 2022, demonstrating our commitment to balancing affordable costs with high standards of work through positive reviews and retention of expert writers.

100% Plagiarism-Free

We guarantee 100% original and plagiarism-free final work through a thorough scanning of every draft copy using advanced plagiarism detection software before release, ensuring authentic and high-quality content for our valued customers. To note, we also do not generate assignment content with AI tool, thus you a guaranteed 0% similarity index for your final research paper.

How it works

When you decide to place an order with ap.studybay, here is what happens:

Complete the Order Form

You will complete our order form, filling in all of the fields and giving us as much detail as possible.

Assignment of Writer

We analyze your order and match it with a writer who has the unique qualifications to complete it, and he begins from scratch.

Order in Production and Delivered

You and,the support and your writer communicate directly during the process, and, once you receive the final draft, you either approve it or ask for revisions.

Giving us Feedback (and other options)

We want to know how your experience went. You can read other clients’ testimonials too. And among many options, you can choose a favorite writer.