Assignment Help For You!

Special Offer! Get 20-30% Off on Every Order!

Posted: January 11th, 2024

Ageing and its impact on mental and physical health

Ageing and its impact on mental and physical health

Ageing is a natural and inevitable process that involves biological, psychological and social changes. As people grow older, they face various challenges and opportunities related to their health and well-being. In this article, we will explore some of the common health conditions associated with ageing, the risk factors that can affect them, and the ways to promote healthy ageing.

Biological changes

At the biological level, ageing results from the impact of the accumulation of a wide variety of molecular and cellular damage over time. This leads to a gradual decrease in physical and mental capacity, a growing risk of disease and ultimately death (World Health Organization [WHO], 2022). These changes are neither linear nor consistent, and they are only loosely associated with a person’s age in years. The diversity seen in older age is not random.

Some of the common physical conditions that affect older adults are hearing loss, cataracts, refractive errors, back and neck pain, osteoarthritis, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease, diabetes, cardiovascular diseases, stroke, cancer and dementia. These conditions can impair the quality of life and functional ability of older adults, and increase their dependency on others. Moreover, older adults are more likely to experience multiple chronic conditions at the same time, which can complicate their management and treatment.

Psychological changes

Ageing also affects the psychological aspects of health, such as cognition, memory, mood and emotions. Cognitive decline is a normal part of ageing, but it can also be accelerated by factors such as vascular diseases, brain injuries, infections, medications and nutritional deficiencies. Memory loss is one of the most common complaints among older adults, and it can affect their daily functioning and self-esteem. However, not all memory problems are signs of dementia, which is a progressive and irreversible condition that affects various domains of cognition.

Depression and anxiety are also prevalent among older adults, affecting around 14% of them worldwide (WHO, 2023). These mental health conditions can have negative impacts on physical health, social relationships, quality of life and mortality. Some of the risk factors for depression and anxiety in later life are loneliness, social isolation, bereavement, chronic illness, disability, abuse, poverty and stigma.

Social changes

Ageing is not only a biological phenomenon but also a social one. Older adults experience various transitions in their social roles and relationships as they retire from work, relocate to more appropriate housing or care facilities, lose their spouses or friends or become caregivers themselves. These changes can affect their sense of identity, purpose and belonging.

Social support is crucial for the mental and physical health of older adults. It can provide emotional comfort, practical assistance, information sharing and companionship. However, many older adults face social exclusion or discrimination due to ageism, which is the stereotyping or prejudice against people based on their age. Ageism can undermine the dignity, autonomy and contribution of older adults to society.

Promoting healthy ageing

Healthy ageing is defined by WHO (2022) as “the process of developing and maintaining the functional ability that enables well-being in older age”. Functional ability refers to the health-related attributes that enable people to do what they value. It includes intrinsic capacity (the physical and mental capacities of an individual), relevant environmental characteristics (the availability and accessibility of support and services) and the interactions between them.

To promote healthy ageing, it is important to address the biological, psychological and social factors that influence it throughout the life course. Some of the strategies that can help older adults maintain or improve their health and well-being are:

– Adopting a healthy lifestyle that includes regular physical activity, balanced nutrition, adequate hydration,
good sleep hygiene, smoking cessation and moderate alcohol consumption.
– Engaging in cognitive stimulation activities that challenge the brain and enhance its plasticity.
– Seeking professional help for any mental health issues such as depression or anxiety.
– Participating in social activities that foster meaningful connections with others.
– Seeking opportunities for learning new skills or hobbies that provide enjoyment and satisfaction.
– Advocating for their rights and interests as active citizens.
– Accessing appropriate health care services that are responsive to their needs and preferences.


Ageing is a complex process that affects different aspects of health. Older adults face various challenges but also opportunities to live well in later life. By understanding the factors that influence healthy ageing and adopting positive behaviours accordingly,
older adults can enhance their functional ability and well-being.

Works Cited

World Health Organization (WHO). Ageing and health. 2022.

World Health Organization (WHO). Mental health of older adults. 2023.

How ageism can negatively affect the health of older adults. 2016.

Promoting Healthy Aging: Physical, Psychological, and Social Factors. 2017.


Order for this Paper or Similar Assignment Writing Help

Fill a form in 3 easy steps - less than 5 mins.

Why choose our Study Bay Services?

Like every student, Focusing on achieving the best grades is our main goal

Top Essay Writers

We have carefully cultivated a team of exceptional academic writers, each with specialized expertise in particular subject areas and a proven track record of research writing excellence. Our writers undergo rigorous screening and evaluation to ensure they hold relevant advanced degrees and demonstrate mastery of English grammar, citation style, and research methodology. Recent projects completed by our writers include research papers on topics such as sustainable energy policy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and molecular genetics.

Student-Based Prices

We prioritize attracting highly skilled writers through competitive pay and strive to offer the most cost-effective services for students. References from recent years include surveys of customer satisfaction with online writing services conducted by the American Customer Satisfaction Index between 2018 to 2022, demonstrating our commitment to balancing affordable costs with high standards of work through positive reviews and retention of expert writers.

100% Plagiarism-Free

We guarantee 100% original and plagiarism-free final work through a thorough scanning of every draft copy using advanced plagiarism detection software before release, ensuring authentic and high-quality content for our valued customers. To note, we also do not generate assignment content with AI tool, thus you a guaranteed 0% similarity index for your final research paper.

How it works

When you decide to place an order with ap.studybay, here is what happens:

Complete the Order Form

You will complete our order form, filling in all of the fields and giving us as much detail as possible.

Assignment of Writer

We analyze your order and match it with a writer who has the unique qualifications to complete it, and he begins from scratch.

Order in Production and Delivered

You and,the support and your writer communicate directly during the process, and, once you receive the final draft, you either approve it or ask for revisions.

Giving us Feedback (and other options)

We want to know how your experience went. You can read other clients’ testimonials too. And among many options, you can choose a favorite writer.