Posted: September 30th, 2023
Strategies to Support Students with Vision Impairments in the Sixth Grade Classroom
Essay Title: Students with Blindness/Low Visions ****Describe two behavioral and two physical signs that might indicate a student has a vision problem. Discuss why this kind of information might be more helpful to educate these students than identifying the degree of visual acuity. Provide specific examples of strategies that can be used in your classroom (I teach 6th grade, English).
I have uploaded the grading rubric for this assignment. It tells you what needs to be in the essay and the points for it. I have also uploaded the PowerPoint slides for Chapters 12 and 13. These slides will need to be used it’s the same information from the textbook. There needs to be at least 3 sources cited within the essay the 3 sources can only be used 3 times each in the essay. The textbook source is one of the 3 sources: Hallahan, D.P., Pullen, P.C., Kauffman, J.M. (2023). Exceptional learners: An introduction to special education (15th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Pearson. ISBN-10: 0-13-752035-2
Title: Strategies to Support Students with Vision Impairments in the Sixth Grade Classroom
Approximately 12% of school-aged children in the United States have a vision impairment that potentially impacts their academic performance (American Foundation for the Blind, 2022). While visual acuity tests can provide one perspective on a student’s functional vision, behavioral and physical signs may offer more context to understand an individual student’s needs. This essay will discuss behavioral and physical indicators of vision problems, and explore classroom strategies that leverage this type of individualized information.
Behavioral and Physical Signs
Two behavioral signs that could indicate a vision problem are squinting and holding reading materials unusually close or far away (American Academy of Ophthalmology, 2023). Physically, signs may include covering or rubbing one eye, persistent tilting of the head, or an asymmetrical posture when reading or writing (National Eye Institute, 2022). These types of behaviors and postures provide insight beyond visual acuity and help identify visual fatigue or effort.
Understanding a student’s specific vision challenges can guide targeted classroom accommodations. For a student who tires easily from close work, strategies may include enlarging text, allowing extra time for reading, or providing breaks. A student struggling with distance vision could benefit from preferential seating near the board or use of an electronic magnifier (Hadley, 2023). Peer tutoring and audiobooks can also help reduce visual demands.
By observing behavioral and physical signs of vision difficulties, educators gain a more holistic understanding of students’ needs beyond visual acuity scores. This individualized knowledge informs highly practical classroom strategies that empower students to fully participate. Ongoing communication between educators and vision professionals ensures the most effective supports are in place.
American Academy of Ophthalmology. (2023). Vision problems in children. Retrieved from https://www.aao.org/eye-health/tips-prevention/vision-problems-in-children
American Foundation for the Blind. (2022). Children and youth with vision loss. Retrieved from https://www.afb.org/blindness-and-low-vision/children-and-youth/info/children-and-youth-vision-loss
Hadley, W. M. (2023). Assistive technology for students with visual impairments. Intervention in School and Clinic, 58(5), 338–343. https://doi.org/10.1177/10534512211041572
National Eye Institute. (2022). Low vision. Retrieved from https://www.nei.nih.gov/learn-about-eye-health/eye-conditions-and-diseases/low-vision