Assignment Help For You!

Special Offer! Get 20-30% Off on Every Order!

Posted: September 17th, 2023

76-year-old female patient complains of weight gain

Instructions:
Scenario: 76-year-old female patient complains of weight gain, shortness of breath, peripheral edema, and abdominal swelling. She has a history of congestive heart failure and admits to not taking her diuretic, as it makes her “have to get up every couple hours to go to the bathroom.” She now has to sleep on two pillows in order to get enough air.

In your Case Study Analysis related to the scenario provided, explain the following 3 questions in 1-2-page max:

The cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiologic processes that result in the patient presenting these symptoms.
Any racial/ethnic variables that may impact physiological functioning.
How these processes interact to affect the patient.

____________________
Cardiovascular and Cardiopulmonary Analysis

This case study analysis will explain how the patient’s symptoms relate to underlying cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary processes based on the provided health information. Congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema will be discussed in relation to the shortness of breath, abdominal swelling, and leg edema reported. Recent statistics on congestive heart failure prevalence and racial disparities in outcomes will provide additional context. Treatment options beyond medication will also be reviewed.
Cardiovascular Processes
The patient’s symptoms of abdominal swelling and leg edema indicate peripheral edema, which can result from congestive heart failure when the weakened heart is unable to properly circulate blood (Verhoeff & Mitchell, 2017). Congestive heart failure affects over 6 million American adults, with approximately 900,000 new cases annually (American Heart Association, 2022). African Americans specifically have higher rates of risk factors like hypertension and are less likely to receive guideline-directed therapies, contributing to poorer outcomes (Vaduganathan et al., 2021).
Cardiopulmonary Processes
Congestive heart failure can also cause pulmonary edema by overfilling the lungs with fluid when the left side of the heart fails to pump blood back efficiently from the lungs (Jearath et al., 2016). This accumulation of fluid in the lung tissues and blood vessels leads to the shortness of breath experienced by the patient.
Interaction of Processes
When congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema interact, the condition becomes life-threatening. The fluid buildup in the lungs reduces oxygen movement, exacerbating shortness of breath. Renal sodium retention may also occur from activation of renin-angiotensin systems and further deplete intravascular volume (Dhondup & Qian, 2017).
Treatment Options
Beyond medications, lifestyle changes such as sodium restriction, regular exercise, and weight management through diet have been shown to reduce hospitalization and death risks for heart failure patients (Zheng et al., 2018). Comprehensive lifestyle interventions lower the risk of associated health outcomes.
Conclusion

In summary, this case study demonstrates how the patient’s symptoms relate to underlying cardiovascular and cardiopulmonary pathophysiological processes. Understanding these system interactions is crucial for proper diagnosis and treatment by medical professionals.
References
American Heart Association. (2022). Heart disease and stroke statistics—2022 update. Circulation, 145(9). https://www.ahajournals.org/doi/10.1161/CIR.0000000000000104
Dhondup, T., & Qian, Q. (2017). Electrolyte and acid-base disorders in chronic kidney disease and end-stage kidney failure. Blood purification, 43(1-3), 179-188.
Jearath, V., Vashisht, R., Rustagi, V., Raina, S., & Sharma, R. (2016). Pioglitazone-induced congestive heart failure and pulmonary edema in a patient with preserved ejection fraction. Journal of pharmacology & pharmacotherapeutics, 7(1), 41.
Vaduganathan, M., Fonarow, G. C., Gheorghiade, M., Butler, J., Lam, C. S., & Bonow, R. O. (2021). Disparities in care and outcomes of patients with heart failure from 2020 to 2021. JAMA, 326(18), 1837-1839. https://doi.org/10.1001/jama.2021.18584
Verhoeff, K., & Mitchell, J. R. (2017). Cardiopulmonary physiology: why the heart and lungs are inextricably linked. Advances in physiology education, 41(3), 348-353. homework help assignment writing service.
Zheng, S. L., Orsi, J. M., Chow, S. K., Wang, H., & Moore, J. X. (2018). Lifestyle factors and hospitalization for heart failure: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of the American Heart Association, 7(9), e008833. https://doi.org/10.1161/JAHA.118.008833

Tags: ,

Order for this Paper or Similar Assignment Writing Help

Fill a form in 3 easy steps - less than 5 mins.

Why choose our Study Bay Services?

Like every student, Focusing on achieving the best grades is our main goal

Top Essay Writers

We have carefully cultivated a team of exceptional academic writers, each with specialized expertise in particular subject areas and a proven track record of research writing excellence. Our writers undergo rigorous screening and evaluation to ensure they hold relevant advanced degrees and demonstrate mastery of English grammar, citation style, and research methodology. Recent projects completed by our writers include research papers on topics such as sustainable energy policy, cognitive behavioral therapy, and molecular genetics.

Student-Based Prices

We prioritize attracting highly skilled writers through competitive pay and strive to offer the most cost-effective services for students. References from recent years include surveys of customer satisfaction with online writing services conducted by the American Customer Satisfaction Index between 2018 to 2022, demonstrating our commitment to balancing affordable costs with high standards of work through positive reviews and retention of expert writers.

100% Plagiarism-Free

We guarantee 100% original and plagiarism-free final work through a thorough scanning of every draft copy using advanced plagiarism detection software before release, ensuring authentic and high-quality content for our valued customers. To note, we also do not generate assignment content with AI tool, thus you a guaranteed 0% similarity index for your final research paper.

How it works

When you decide to place an order with ap.studybay, here is what happens:

Complete the Order Form

You will complete our order form, filling in all of the fields and giving us as much detail as possible.

Assignment of Writer

We analyze your order and match it with a writer who has the unique qualifications to complete it, and he begins from scratch.

Order in Production and Delivered

You and,the support and your writer communicate directly during the process, and, once you receive the final draft, you either approve it or ask for revisions.

Giving us Feedback (and other options)

We want to know how your experience went. You can read other clients’ testimonials too. And among many options, you can choose a favorite writer.