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Posted: September 6th, 2023

Theories based on interactive process i. Imogene king: theory of goal attainment major concepts and definitions

Theories based on interactive process i. Imogene king: theory of goal attainment major concepts and definitions
Interactive process theories are an essential aspect of nursing practice that guides nurses in their interactions with patients. Two of the most influential interactive process theories in nursing are Imogene King’s Theory of Goal Attainment and Sister Callista Roy’s Adaptation Model. These theories help nurses understand how they can interact with patients to promote health and well-being.

Imogene King: Theory of Goal Attainment
Imogene King’s Theory of Goal Attainment is based on the premise that people interact with each other and their environment to achieve specific goals. The theory emphasizes the importance of communication, perception, and transaction in the nurse-patient relationship.

Major Concepts and Definitions
1. Interaction
Interaction is the process of perception and communication between a person and their environment, as well as between people. It is represented by both verbal and nonverbal behaviors and is goal-directed. Each individual brings different knowledge, needs, goals, past experiences, and perceptions, which influence interaction.

2. Communication
Communication is the exchange of information from person to person, directly or indirectly. It is the information component of interaction.

3. Perception
Perception is each person’s representation of reality.

4. Transaction
Transaction is a purposeful interaction leading to goal attainment.

5. Role
A role is a set of behaviors expected of persons occupying a position in a social system. It includes rules that define the rights and obligations of a position.

6. Stress
Stress is a dynamic state in which a human being interacts with their environment.

7. Growth and Development
Growth and development refer to continuous changes in individuals at the cellular, molecular, and behavioral levels of activities. It helps individuals move towards maturity.

8. Time
Time is a sequence of events moving onwards to the future.

9. Space
Space exists in all directions and is the same everywhere. It includes the immediate environment of the nurse and client interaction.

Major Assumptions
Nursing
Observable behavior in the healthcare system in society
Goal – to help individuals maintain health
Interpersonal process of action, reaction, interaction, and transaction
Person
Social beings
Sentient beings
Rational beings
Perceiving beings
Controlling beings
Purposeful beings
Action-oriented beings
Time-oriented beings
Health
Dynamic state in the life cycle
Continuous adaptation to stress
To achieve maximum potential for daily living
Function of nurse, patient, physicians, family, and other interactions
Environment
Open system
Constantly changing
Influences adjustment to life and health
Personal system
Concepts
Perception
Self
Body image
Growth and development
Time
Space
Interpersonal system
Interaction
Transaction
Communication
Role
Stress
Social system
Organization
Authority
Power
Status
Decision making
Assumptions
Perceptions, goals, needs, and values of nurses and clients influence the interaction process.
Individuals have the right to knowledge about themselves and to participate in decisions that influence their life, health, and community services.
Health professionals have the responsibility to help individuals make informed decisions about their healthcare.
Individuals have the right to accept or reject healthcare.
Goals of health professionals and recipients of healthcare may not be congruent.
Sister Callista Roy: Adaptation Model
Sister Callista Roy’s Adaptation Model is based on the idea that a person is a biopsychosocial being in constant interaction with their environment. The model focuses on man’s position on the health-illness continuum and is influenced by their ability to adapt

Zabeth Muthee
Sister Callista Roy: Adaptation Model
Sister Callista Roy’s Adaptation Model is based on the idea that a person is a biopsychosocial being in constant interaction with their environment. The model focuses on man’s position on the health-illness continuum and is influenced by their ability to adapt
That’s correct! Sister Callista Roy’s Adaptation Model, also known as the Roy Adaptation Model (RAM), is a nursing theory that focuses on the patient’s ability to adapt to their environment. According to the model, the individual is viewed as a biopsychosocial being who is constantly interacting with their environment.

The model identifies four adaptive modes: physiological, self-concept, role function, and interdependence. These adaptive modes are influenced by internal and external stimuli, as well as by the patient’s coping mechanisms and their ability to adapt to changes in their environment.

The ultimate goal of the Roy Adaptation Model is to promote adaptation in the patient, which leads to better health outcomes. The model has been widely used in nursing practice, research, and education.

References
Roy, C. (2009). The Roy adaptation model. Pearson Education.

McEwen, M., & Wills, E. M. (2019). Theoretical basis for nursing. Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.

Smith, M. J., & Liehr, P. R. (2008). Middle range theory for nursing. Springer Publishing Company.

Parker, M. E., & Smith, M. C. (2010). Nursing theories and nursing practice. FA Davis.

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