Posted: September 6th, 2023
Theoretical Foundations for Nursing
Theoretical Foundations for Nursing
For this Assignment, you are going to write a paper explaining how you developed your theory through the four stages (theorizing, syntax, theory testing, and evaluation). Your paper must be 3 to 5 pages, not including the title and reference pages.
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Before finalizing your work, you should:
Minimum requirement of at least 5 sources of support
be sure to read the Assignment description carefully (as displayed above);
consult the Grading Rubric (under the Course Resources) to make sure you have included everything necessary; and
utilize spelling and grammar check to minimize errors.
Rights of Medication Administration
Check the name on the order and the patient.
Use 2 identifiers.
Ask patient to identify himself/herself.
When available, use technology (for example, bar-code system).
Check the medication label.
Check the order.
Check the order.
Confirm appropriateness of the dose using a current drug reference.
If necessary, calculate the dose and have another nurse calculate the dose as well.
Again, check the order and appropriateness of the route ordered.
Confirm that the patient can take or receive the medication by the ordered route.
Check the frequency of the ordered medication.
Double-check that you are giving the ordered dose at the correct time.
Confirm when the last dose was given.
Document administration AFTER giving the ordered medication.
Chart the time, route, and any other specific information as necessary. For example, the site of an injection or any laboratory value or vital sign that needed to be checked before giving the drug.
Confirm the rationale for the ordered medication. What is the patient’s history?
Title: Theoretical Foundations for Nursing: Development of a Medication Administration Theory
Nursing theories provide a framework for understanding and guiding nursing practice. In this paper, I will explain how I developed a medication administration theory through the four stages: theorizing, syntax, theory testing, and evaluation. This theory focuses on the “Rights of Medication Administration” and aims to ensure patient safety and optimize medication outcomes. The theory emphasizes the importance of adhering to specific principles when administering medications to patients. The following sections will outline the stages of theory development and the application of the theory’s principles in nursing practice.
The initial stage of theory development involved conceptualizing and formulating the “Rights of Medication Administration.” Drawing from existing nursing theories, research literature, and evidence-based practice guidelines, I identified key elements that contribute to safe and effective medication administration. The concept of the “Rights” framework provided a logical and systematic approach to ensure patient safety during medication administration.
The syntax stage involved organizing and structuring the theory. The “Rights of Medication Administration” theory consists of six core principles:
Verify the patient’s identity using two identifiers.
Cross-check the patient’s name on the medication order and the patient’s identification.
Utilize technology, such as a bar-code system, when available.
Verify the medication label.
Match the medication order with the administered medication.
Verify the accuracy of the ordered dose.
Consult a current drug reference to confirm the appropriateness of the dose.
Involve another nurse in dose calculations for additional verification.
Validate the ordered route of medication administration.
Ensure the patient’s ability to receive the medication by the ordered route.
Verify the frequency of the ordered medication.
Administer the dose at the correct time.
Confirm the time of the last administered dose.
Document the administration of medication after its completion.
Include details such as time, route, and any specific information related to the administration.
The theory was put into practice and tested in various healthcare settings. Nursing practitioners, including myself, implemented the theory’s principles during medication administration processes. The theory’s effectiveness was evaluated through observations, feedback from healthcare professionals, and patient outcomes. The theory’s ability to improve patient safety, reduce medication errors, and enhance documentation accuracy was assessed.
The final stage involved evaluating the theory’s efficacy and applicability. The theory’s impact on patient outcomes, healthcare professionals’ adherence to medication administration protocols, and its overall integration into nursing practice were assessed. Feedback and data collected during the evaluation phase were used to refine and improve the theory as necessary.
The development of the “Rights of Medication Administration” theory provided a comprehensive framework for safe and effective medication administration. The theory’s emphasis on patient safety, accurate documentation, and adherence to established protocols contributes to improved healthcare outcomes. Through the four stages of theory development, the theory was refined, tested, and evaluated to ensure its applicability and effectiveness in nursing practice. Implementing this theory has the potential to enhance medication administration practices and ultimately improve patient care in healthcare settings.
References: (Minimum of 5 sources)
[Include here a list of at least 5 references that support the development and application of medication administration theories in nursing practice.]