Posted: September 6th, 2023
Strategic vs tactical crime
Strategic vs tactical crime. Strategic crime analysis is considerably referred to the study of criminal occurrences that introduce long term and new emerging patterns. It is used to inform law enforcement and law agencies of patterns or potential patterns. It is possible to determine the underlying cause of activity after collecting and analyzing the criminal events. A tremendous amount of information is gathered and studied in this process. This is done to work towards prevention strategies. Reports are created in a simple manner to note the time and date of each occurrence. Some examples of strategic crime analysis include: trend analysis, hot spot analysis, and problem analysis (Faggiani & McLaughlin, 1999).
Administrative crime analysis presents specific findings of crime research analysis based on legal, political, and practical concerns (Introduction Crime Analysis Practice, 2018). This analysis is used to inform law enforcement, law enforcement officials, and even citizens of safety issues. An example of administrative crime analysis would be a presentation describing the change in population/structure, crime statistics towards new grant applications, or Uniform Crime Reports (Paynich & Hill, 2014). Population changes could also come from the result of birth rates, death rates, or migration. Different forms of media could also be an example of this analysis. For example, newspapers, websites, and social media with local or global crime events are ways that departments present their research towards safety precautions.
Tactical crime analysis is used in a reactive and proactive manner. By analyzing active and developing criminal events analysts are able to acquire the information of when, why, where, and how they took place. This helps to assist investigators to discover the patterns of criminals (Paynich & Hill, 2014). It provides investigators with specific details about criminal offenses at precise periods and destinations by focusing on the information written in police reports. (Faggiani & McLaughlin, 1999) Comparing the details about the recurring crime and arrest rate has the potential to reveal the trend in that certain area. The noted details in the report could be the criminal access point, victim makeup, weapons used, time, or location. This is a way to inform and assist the control of criminal activity. Tactical crime analysis also encourages developing information from patrolling officers such as suspicious actions, service calls, and criminal body modifications. (Paynich & Hill, 2014). A burglary, for example, would promote a quick response towards similar recent offenses that have occurred with the expectations of identifying the relationship between the crime in that area. Responding officers would provide informative details of the suspects’ description or routine. This would allow the analyst to potentially identify or discover a pattern in hopes of locating the offender.
Tactical crime analysis is a study of how what and where crime occurs according to the class book (Paynich & Hill, 2014). The objective is to analyze data either figure out who committed the crime or discover pertinent information about cases (Paynich & Hill, 2014). The tactical crime analysis does this by finding patterns in the criminal activity by looking at specific things such as what happen at the scene, what kind of place the crime was committed along with the time and date that the incident occurred (Paynich & Hill, 2014).
The class book also noted that tactical crime analysis also looks into the point of entry and what actions the person committing the crime took while the event happened (Paynich & Hill, 2014). Strategic crime analysis is when the data is studied to assist officers in finding the patterns to stop future similar criminal activity from happening (Paynich & Hill, 2014). One article mentioned how some justifications studied data in relation to patrol cars presence to criminal activity in order to see how many patrol cars would be needed in specific areas to drop the crime rates (Chelst, 1978).
Administrative crime analysis is more of a meeting of the minds. The tactic pulls together law makers and officers to make a joint effort in reducing crimes rates by coming up with strategic planning (Paynich & Hill, 2014). During the meetings things like funding are covered along with any demographical changes and reports are created (Paynich & Hill, 2014). The last article discussed how the officers use the data. The article stated, “Some of these included ‘‘predictive’ policing approach which attempted to develop algorithms for identifying future crime occurrences based on the analysis of historical crime patterns” (Guerette et al., 2021).
Crime is an unfortunate aspect of modern society that continues to pose a significant challenge for law enforcement agencies. To combat this menace, law enforcement agencies have developed a variety of strategies, including tactical, strategic, and administrative crime analysis, to help them identify and analyze crime patterns. Tactical crime analysis focuses on the what, where, and how of criminal activities, while strategic crime analysis aims to identify long-term patterns and new emerging patterns to develop prevention strategies. On the other hand, administrative crime analysis involves the use of crime analysis data to inform policy and decision-making to reduce crime rates.
In this article, we will explore the differences between tactical and strategic crime analysis and how these strategies can help law enforcement agencies combat crime. We will also examine administrative crime analysis and its role in reducing crime rates.
Tactical Crime Analysis:
Tactical crime analysis is an essential tool that helps law enforcement officers identify crime patterns and analyze them to apprehend offenders. As noted by Paynich and Hill (2014), tactical crime analysis focuses on the “what, where, and how” of criminal activities. By analyzing data such as the location, date, time, point of entry, and the actions taken during the crime, tactical crime analysis helps law enforcement agencies identify patterns in criminal activities. This information is then used to develop prevention strategies and assist in the investigation of crimes.
According to Faggiani and McLaughlin (1999), some of the techniques used in tactical crime analysis include comparing details of recurring crimes, analyzing police reports, and collecting information from patrolling officers. For example, if a burglary occurs in a particular area, law enforcement officers will respond quickly to similar recent offenses in the hope of identifying patterns that could lead to the apprehension of the offender. Responding officers would provide informative details about the suspect’s description, modus operandi, or routine. This would allow the analyst to potentially identify or discover a pattern in hopes of locating the offender.
Strategic Crime Analysis:
Unlike tactical crime analysis, which focuses on the “what, where, and how” of criminal activities, strategic crime analysis seeks to identify long-term patterns and new emerging patterns that law enforcement agencies can use to develop prevention strategies. As noted by Faggiani and McLaughlin (1999), strategic crime analysis involves the collection and analysis of a tremendous amount of information, which is then studied to determine the underlying cause of criminal activity. Examples of strategic crime analysis techniques include trend analysis, hot spot analysis, and problem analysis.
Trend analysis involves the examination of criminal activity over a long period to identify patterns that can be used to develop prevention strategies. For instance, if there is an increase in burglary cases in a particular neighborhood, a trend analysis can help law enforcement officers identify the reasons behind the increase and develop strategies to prevent further occurrences.
Hot spot analysis, on the other hand, focuses on the identification of areas with high levels of criminal activities. By analyzing data such as the frequency, severity, and type of crimes committed in a particular area, law enforcement officers can develop prevention strategies that are specific to that area.
Problem analysis involves the identification of underlying problems that contribute to criminal activities. For instance, drug abuse, poverty, and unemployment are examples of underlying problems that contribute to criminal activities. By addressing these underlying problems, law enforcement agencies can develop prevention strategies that are effective in reducing crime rates.
Administrative Crime Analysis:
Administrative crime analysis involves the use of crime analysis data to inform policy and decision-making. As noted by Introduction Crime Analysis Practice (2018), administrative crime analysis presents specific findings of crime research analysis based on legal, political, and practical concerns. This analysis is used to inform law enforcement officials, lawmakers, and citizens of safety issues.
An example of administrative crime analysis would be a presentation describing the change in population/structure,