Posted: September 6th, 2023
ScenarioAs a manager on a medical surgical unit
As a manager on a medical surgical unit, part of the job responsibility includes chart audits.
A trend noted during the most recent audit was the overuse of the term “dementia.” The nurse manager notes that there may be a lack of understanding between the types dementia as related to neurological diseases.
The nurse manager developed a survey to evaluate the staff’s understanding of the different types of dementia. As a result of the survey, you have been asked to create a PowerPoint presentation to increase the nurse’s awareness of the types of dementia a presentation was created.
Choose one of the following topics for a focused presentation:
• Vascular Dementia
The presentation should include the following:
• Etiology & incidence
• Health promotion and maintenance
• History/Risk factors
• Physical signs and symptoms
• Changes in cognition
• Changes in behavior & personality
• Changes in self-management skills
• Diagnostics: laboratory and imaging assessment
• Planning and implementation
• Interprofessional Collaborative Care
• Psychosocial integrity
• Safety considerations
*Check grading rubric for this assignment also. One slide per topic and either include slide notes on power point slides or submit as separate document.
Using Ignatavicius and one additional resource, develop a presentation to enhance the nurses’ knowledge of the differences between types of dementia and delirium. Be sure to document your source(s) in your presentation.
Nursing Module 01 Assignment – Presentation On Dementia
Slide 1: Introduction
• Title of Presentation: Understanding Different Types of Dementia
• Target Audience: Nurses
• Purpose: To enhance the nurses’ knowledge of the differences between types of dementia and delirium.
• Source: Ignatavicius and Alzheimer’s Association
Slide 2: Definition of Dementia
• Dementia is a general term for a decline in cognitive functioning that affects a person’s ability to perform daily activities. It is not a specific disease but rather a group of symptoms caused by different neurological disorders.
Slide 3: Alzheimer’s Disease
• Pathophysiology: Alzheimer’s disease is characterized by the accumulation of amyloid plaques and tau protein tangles in the brain, leading to the death of brain cells and the eventual shrinkage of the brain.
• Etiology & incidence: The exact cause of Alzheimer’s disease is unknown, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic, environmental, and lifestyle factors. It is the most common form of dementia, accounting for 60-80% of cases.
• Health promotion and maintenance: Regular exercise, a healthy diet, and cognitive stimulation may help reduce the risk of developing Alzheimer’s disease.
• History/Risk factors: Age, family history, and genetics are risk factors for Alzheimer’s disease.
• Physical signs and symptoms: Memory loss, difficulty with language, disorientation, mood swings, and loss of motivation are common symptoms.
• Changes in cognition: Alzheimer’s disease affects memory, language, attention, decision-making, and problem-solving abilities.
• Changes in behavior & personality: Depression, anxiety, irritability, aggression, and hallucinations may occur.
• Changes in self-management skills: Self-care tasks such as bathing and dressing may become difficult.
• Diagnostics: laboratory and imaging assessment: Diagnosis is made through a combination of medical history, physical examination, neurological tests, and brain imaging studies such as magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and positron emission tomography (PET) scans.
• Planning and implementation: Management of Alzheimer’s disease involves medications, lifestyle modifications, and support for caregivers.
• Interprofessional Collaborative Care: Interdisciplinary care teams including physicians, nurses, social workers, and therapists are essential for the management of Alzheimer’s disease.
• Psychosocial integrity: Psychosocial support and counseling can help patients and families cope with the emotional and social effects of Alzheimer’s disease.
• Medications: Cholinesterase inhibitors and memantine are commonly used medications for the treatment of Alzheimer’s disease.
• Safety considerations: Safety concerns include falls, wandering, and medication management.
Slide 4: Parkinson’s Disease Dementia
• Pathophysiology: Parkinson’s disease is a neurodegenerative disorder characterized by the death of dopamine-producing cells in the brain. Parkinson’s disease dementia is a progressive decline in cognitive function that occurs in about 50% of people with Parkinson’s disease.
• Etiology & incidence: The exact cause of Parkinson’s disease is unknown, but it is believed to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Parkinson’s disease dementia affects about 50% of people with Parkinson’s disease.
• Health promotion and maintenance: Regular exercise and a healthy diet may help reduce the risk of developing Parkinson’s disease.
• History/Risk factors: Age, family history, and genetics are risk factors for Parkinson’s disease.
• Physical signs and symptoms: Tremors, rigidity, bradykinesia (slow movements), and postural instability are common symptoms of Parkinson’s disease. In Parkinson’s disease dementia, memory loss, confusion, and hallucinations may also occur.
• Changes in cognition: Parkinson’s disease dementia affects memory, attention, and executive function.
• Changes in behavior &