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Posted: September 6th, 2023

Racism Against African Americans

Racism Against African Americans: A Continuing Struggle for Equality and Justice

Racism has been an enduring social problem in America, particularly against African Americans. The history of African Americans in the United States is replete with racial discrimination, prejudice, and marginalization that continue to impact their lives to this day. Despite progress in civil rights and social justice movements, racial inequality persists in various domains, including education, employment, health, and criminal justice. This essay examines the nature and impact of racism against African Americans and the efforts to address it.

The Nature of Racism Against African Americans
Racism against African Americans is rooted in the history of slavery, segregation, and systemic discrimination that shaped American society. For centuries, African Americans were regarded as inferior, subhuman, and unworthy of basic human rights and dignity. The legacy of slavery and Jim Crow laws is evident in the racial wealth gap, the lack of access to quality education, and the disproportionate incarceration rates of African Americans.

Moreover, racism against African Americans takes many forms, including implicit bias, microaggressions, and structural racism. Implicit bias refers to the unconscious and automatic associations that people have about certain groups, such as associating African Americans with criminality or laziness. Microaggressions are subtle, often unintentional, expressions of prejudice that can be harmful to African Americans, such as assuming that all African Americans are poor or uneducated. Structural racism refers to the policies, practices, and institutions that perpetuate racial disparities and inequalities, such as the criminal justice system, housing policies, and employment discrimination.

The Impact of Racism Against African Americans
Racism against African Americans has a profound and enduring impact on their lives, health, and well-being. African Americans face higher rates of poverty, unemployment, and chronic diseases than their White counterparts. They are more likely to live in segregated neighborhoods with fewer resources and opportunities, attend underfunded and failing schools, and face discrimination in hiring and promotions.

Furthermore, racism against African Americans contributes to the disproportionate involvement in the criminal justice system. African Americans are more likely to be stopped, searched, arrested, and sentenced to longer prison terms than White people, even for the same offenses. This leads to a vicious cycle of poverty, incarceration, and social exclusion that perpetuates racial inequality and undermines the principles of democracy and justice.

Efforts to Address Racism Against African Americans
Efforts to address racism against African Americans have taken many forms, including legal reforms, social movements, and community-based initiatives. The civil rights movement of the 1960s paved the way for the legal and political recognition of African Americans’ rights and freedoms. The passage of the Civil Rights Act of 1964, the Voting Rights Act of 1965, and the Fair Housing Act of 1968 was a watershed moment in American history that challenged the racist policies and practices that had excluded African Americans from full citizenship.

However, legal reforms alone are not enough to address racism against African Americans. Social movements, such as Black Lives Matter, have emerged to challenge the systemic racism and police brutality that continue to harm African Americans. Community-based initiatives, such as mentoring programs, job training, and educational opportunities, are essential to providing African Americans with the resources and support they need to overcome the legacy of racism and achieve their full potential.

Racism against African Americans is a complex and multifaceted problem that requires sustained and comprehensive efforts to address. It is not a relic of the past but a current reality that continues to undermine the values of equality, justice, and democracy. By recognizing the nature and impact of racism against African Americans and supporting initiatives to combat it, we can create a more just and equitable society for all.

Anderson, E. (2021). The persistence of racial inequality in America. Daedalus, 150(3), 14-27.

Banks, J. A. (2019). Cultural diversity and education: Foundations, curriculum, and teaching. Routledge.

Kendi, I. X. (2019). How to be an antiracist. One World.

National Urban League. (2020). State of black America. Retrieved from

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