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Posted: September 4th, 2023

HLT515 Social Behavior and Cultural Factor in Public Health

HLT515 Week 2 DQ1 Health Issues

HLT515 Social Behavior and Cultural Factor in Public Health

Week 2 Discussion


Present one theory or model within the field of public health which describes either how people maintain health and/or how illness is caused? Presentation of the theory or model may be submitted in graphic or narrative format. Even if this is not your personal viewpoint/belief, how can these multiple theories and models be beneficial to public health professionals? It is not appropriate to repeat one that has already been posted unless you are providing new information. Review all peer submissions and become familiar with the multiple theories and models. Respond to three peers’s posts asking any questions or verifying your analysis of the theory/model.


What role should culture play in how a person’s health issues are handled? Is this demonstrated in the health system today? Support your position with examples and/or evidence.

DQ1: One theory within the field of public health that describes how people maintain health is the Health Belief Model (HBM). The Health Belief Model suggests that an individual’s beliefs and perceptions about a health condition influence their health-related behaviors. The model consists of several key components:

Perceived Susceptibility: This refers to an individual’s perception of their risk of developing a particular health condition. If someone believes they are susceptible to a disease or condition, they are more likely to take preventive measures.

Perceived Severity: This component involves an individual’s perception of the seriousness of a health condition and its potential consequences. The greater the perceived severity, the more likely an individual is to take action to prevent or treat the condition.

Perceived Benefits: This aspect focuses on an individual’s belief in the effectiveness of a recommended health action to reduce the risk or severity of a health condition. If someone perceives the benefits of a behavior change to be high, they are more likely to engage in that behavior.

Perceived Barriers: These are the perceived obstacles or costs associated with adopting a particular health behavior. If someone believes that the barriers outweigh the benefits, they may be less likely to engage in the behavior.

Cues to Action: These are external factors that prompt an individual to take action, such as a doctor’s recommendation, media campaigns, or personal experiences.

Self-efficacy: This component refers to an individual’s belief in their ability to successfully perform a recommended health behavior.

The Health Belief Model suggests that individuals are more likely to engage in health-promoting behaviors if they perceive themselves to be at risk, perceive the condition as serious, believe the recommended action will be beneficial, and feel confident in their ability to undertake the action. The model also recognizes the influence of external cues that can motivate individuals to take action.

The benefit of having multiple theories and models in public health is that they provide different perspectives and approaches to understanding health-related behaviors and interventions. Each theory or model offers unique insights into the factors influencing health behaviors and can inform the design of effective public health interventions. By considering multiple theories, public health professionals can tailor their strategies to target specific determinants of health and address the diverse needs of populations.

DQ2: Culture should play a significant role in how a person’s health issues are handled. Culture encompasses a person’s beliefs, values, customs, and practices, which can significantly influence their perceptions of health, illness, and healthcare. Here are a few ways culture can impact health:

Health Beliefs and Practices: Different cultures may hold distinct beliefs about health and illness causation, prevention, and treatment. For example, some cultures may prioritize traditional healing practices, while others may rely more on modern medicine. Understanding and respecting these beliefs is crucial for providing culturally competent healthcare.

Communication and Language: Cultural factors, including language barriers and communication styles, can affect healthcare access and outcomes. Healthcare providers must be able to communicate effectively with patients from diverse cultural backgrounds to ensure accurate diagnosis, appropriate treatment, and patient understanding.

Health Disparities: Cultural factors can contribute to health disparities, where certain populations face unequal access to healthcare and poorer health outcomes. Socioeconomic status, discrimination, cultural norms, and language barriers can all impact health disparities within a community.

Trust and Engagement: Cultural factors can influence an individual’s trust in healthcare systems and providers. Historical experiences, cultural norms, and social networks play a role in shaping trust and willingness to seek care. Building trust and engaging culturally diverse communities are crucial for improving health outcomes.

In today’s health system, cultural considerations are increasingly recognized as important. Efforts are being made to promote cultural competence among healthcare providers, improve language access services, and integrate cultural sensitivity into healthcare

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