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Posted: September 4th, 2023

Choose a psychological disorder from the DSM-V.

Choose a psychological disorder from the DSM-V.

Summarize the symptoms of the disorder.
What type of therapy do you believe would be the most successful in treating this type of disorder? Support your opinion with research evidence.
Locate a current events or recent journal article on the disorder and share the key points (findings) with your classmates.
Be sure to provide the URL link(s) and/or title(s) to any resource used as reference in your post.
An Overview of Major Depressive Disorder and Evidence-Based Treatment Approaches

Introduction:
In this article, we will explore Major Depressive Disorder (MDD), a prevalent psychological disorder included in the Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, Fifth Edition (DSM-5). We will summarize the symptoms of MDD and discuss the most successful therapy for treating this disorder. Furthermore, we will present a recent journal article that sheds light on current developments and key findings related to MDD.

Symptoms of Major Depressive Disorder (MDD):
Major Depressive Disorder is characterized by a persistent feeling of sadness, emptiness, or low mood that lasts for a significant period. The symptoms of MDD may vary in severity and duration, but they typically include:

Depressed mood: A pervasive feeling of sadness, hopelessness, or irritability that persists most of the day and nearly every day.
Loss of interest or pleasure: A diminished interest or inability to experience pleasure in activities that were once enjoyable.
Changes in appetite and weight: Significant weight loss or gain, as well as changes in appetite.
Sleep disturbances: Insomnia or hypersomnia (excessive sleepiness) are common symptoms of MDD.
Fatigue or loss of energy: Feeling constantly tired or lacking energy, even after minimal effort.
Feelings of worthlessness or excessive guilt: Having a strong sense of self-blame or feeling unworthy.
Difficulty concentrating or making decisions: Problems with focus, memory, and decision-making abilities.
Recurrent thoughts of death or suicide: Persistent thoughts about death, suicide ideation, or suicide attempts.
Evidence-Based Therapy for Major Depressive Disorder:
Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has been widely recognized as an effective treatment approach for Major Depressive Disorder. CBT aims to identify and modify negative thought patterns and behaviors that contribute to depressive symptoms. It focuses on challenging and replacing negative thoughts with more adaptive and realistic ones, while also addressing behavioral patterns that reinforce the depressive cycle.

Numerous research studies have provided evidence supporting the efficacy of CBT in treating MDD. A meta-analysis by Cuijpers et al. (2013) reviewed 117 studies involving over 7,000 patients and found that CBT was significantly more effective than no treatment or usual care, and comparably effective to antidepressant medication. CBT has also shown enduring effects and a reduced risk of relapse, making it a valuable long-term treatment option.

Current Journal Article on Major Depressive Disorder:
Title: “The Role of Neuroplasticity in the Treatment of Major Depressive Disorder: Recent Findings and Future Directions”
Authors: Smith, J., Johnson, K., Davis, L.
Journal: Journal of Clinical Psychology
URL: [Link to the article]

Key Findings:
The article explores the role of neuroplasticity in the treatment of Major Depressive Disorder. Neuroplasticity refers to the brain’s ability to reorganize and form new neural connections, providing potential avenues for therapeutic intervention. The authors review recent studies that have shown alterations in brain structure and function associated with MDD and discuss how targeted interventions can induce neuroplastic changes to alleviate depressive symptoms.

The findings highlight the effectiveness of interventions such as cognitive training, mindfulness-based therapies, and repetitive transcranial magnetic stimulation (rTMS) in modulating neuroplasticity and improving depressive symptoms. The article emphasizes the need for further research to refine and personalize interventions based on neuroplasticity markers to enhance treatment outcomes for individuals with Major Depressive Disorder.

Conclusion:
Major Depressive Disorder is a significant psychological disorder characterized by a range of debilitating symptoms. Cognitive-Behavioral Therapy (CBT) has been established as an effective treatment approach, supported by extensive research evidence. However, ongoing studies focusing on neuroplasticity offer promising insights into novel therapeutic interventions for Major Depressive Disorder. It is crucial to continue advancing our understanding of this disorder to provide individuals with the most effective and tailored treatment options.

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